Tag Archives: Trinity

The Lord who is Hosts

I remember hearing in seminary–and reading many times thereafter–a number of different attempts to capture the essence of this widespread name for God throughout the Old Testament.  I recently came across the most helpful explanation of its significance and implications I’ve ever encountered, in J.A. Motyer’s “Isaiah By the Day” (which I highly recommend to you, by the way):

“He is ‘Yahweh who is Hosts’, possessing in himself every potentiality and power; not a ‘bare One’ but a ‘One’ incorporating a multiplicity of attributes, capacities and powers.  The addition ‘of Hosts’ is part of the Old Testament’s anticipation of the New Testament revelation of God as the holy Trinity.”  (7)

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The Trinity & the Old Testament

“The Old Testament may be likened to a chamber richly furnished but dimly lighted; the introduction of light brings into it nothing which was not in it before; but it brings out into clearer view much of what is in it but was only dimly or even not all perceived before.  The  mystery of the Trinity is not revealed in the Old Testament; but the mystery of the Trinity underlies the Old Testament revelation, and here and there almost comes into view.  Thus the Old Testament revelation is not corrected by the fuller revelation which follows it, but only perfected, extended and enlarged.”

B.B. Warfield, “The Biblical Doctrine of the Trinity”.

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